Category: Energy

The Energy Water Nexus: Implications for the Great Lakes

Download PDF | Published April 2009 GLC Issue Brief: Issue No. 1. This paper describes the interdependence of energy and water. It also calls attention to the need for greater coordination of institutions and policies to ensure sustainable development …

Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River Commerce: Safety, Energy and Environmental Implications of Modal Shifts

The Great Lakes Commission has undertaken a “modal shift” study for the Great Lakes – St. Lawrence River commercial navigation system.  Through a method of shifting selected waterborne commodity movements to alternative surface modes, the study was designed to assess the comparative energy usage, emission impacts and safety risks of one transportation mode in relation to others.